The UN Security Council has authorized the end of Libya’s chemical weapons stockpile, a moved hailed by UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. The move comes amid concerns over the use of the weapons by militants.
The US military has reported that the “Islamic State” grew its base of fighters in the span of a year. But the group lacks the know-how to expand the way it did in Iraq and Syria.
The 15-member body determined “that the potential for acquisition by non-state actors of chemical weapons in Libya represents a threat to international peace and security,” the British-drafted resolution said.
Libya’s UN-backed national unity government last week asked the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to help it remove the chemicals after it transported them to a temporary storage site in northern Libya.
The UNSC resolution allows member states to “acquire, control, transport, transfer and destroy” chemical weapons to “ensure the elimination of Libya’s chemical weapons stockpile.”
Libya is in possession of roughly 700 tons of precursor chemicals, according to diplomats.
The North African country had 24.7 tons of mustard gas, 1,390 tons of precursor chemicals and 3,000 bombs containing chemical weapons when it signed the UN Chemical Weapons Convention in 2004.
Several countries have expressed concern over the ability of militant groups in Libya, including the self-declared “Islamic State,” to gain access to the stockpile and use it to further their causes.
British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said the resolution “reduced the risk of these weapons falling into the hands of terrorists and fanatics.”
Russia’s UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said the UNSC’s unanimous decision was relevant “given there’s been a springing up of terrorist groups in Libya.”
“There was an imminent threat of danger that these things would fall into terrorist hands. The examples of Syria and Iraq have demonstrated the topical nature of the problem of chemical terrorism for the region,” Churkin added.