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Tactical Nuclear Weapons – New Concept For India?


Pakistan – while an active player in the region and with the importance it enjoys due to its unique strategic location – is wary of any threat, and is vigilant and able to deter every kind and size of enemy.

‘Nuclear weapons are the ultimate weapon for any country’; this is now only a partial truth. After the dawn of nuclear weapons and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the nuclear weapons were considered the ultimate weapon; because after that bombing, there was no country to challenge the might of the US and the Allied powers, and that is why the World War II came to an end.

But with the passage of time, and with the development of the delivery systems of the nuclear weapons, the states with nuclear weapons find it difficult to just remain nuclear, without the advancement of their nuclear weapons’ delivery systems. There were many developments in the theoretical realm as well, – many new concepts emerged, like Limited Warfare, Second Strike Capability, MAD, and many more concepts like these were introduced by military scholars. Therefore, the concept that ‘a country that has nuclear weapons is deterrent to any attack’ was shifted to the concept that ‘a country with nuclear weapons that has the best delivery systems has some sort of defense against nuclear-tipped missiles’ and a vigilant eye on the world nuclear advancements is considered formidable.

Nuclear weapons are mainly of strategic nature – to use it against enemy population, striking-capability areas, and to annihilate big areas and cities. The main feature of the strategic nuclear weapons is the greater range, so that it can threaten the enemy’s decision-making ability and can target the enemy thousands of miles away.

But when the enemy is a neighbor, and is notorious for its adventurous behavior, then it comes to the tactical nuclear weapons also known as TNWs. Pakistan, with its limited capacity, started its nuclear and missile programme and got complete command in this field, and is the guarantor of peace in the region and in the world, having sufficient ability now to prepare any kind of missile. Pakistan is committed to the international law and nuclear principles, and is vocal of its Credible Minimum Deterrence, which states that all of its nuclear and missile developments are for the regional stability.

Pakistan is located in a region where it is surrounded by hostile neighbours with the exception of China. Pakistan’s consistent voice for peace is taken as its weakness by the so called developed neighbours – any peace proposal by Pakistan is considered as an appeasement, and they rejoice with pride that Pakistan, being comparatively small in size, population and armed forces, is willing to install peace in the region, so that it can survive with its big neighbor.

Pakistan – while an active player in the region and with the importance it enjoys due to its unique strategic location – is wary of any threat, and is vigilant and able to deter every kind and size of enemy.

Any development in Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is seen as a violation of UN rules, and seen as a threat to the world peace by the Indians. They issue very jingoistic statements, while completely ignoring that Pakistan is only maintaining the balance of power with India.

India is spending trillions of dollars on defense equipments, expanding its Armed Forces, Navy and Air Force. The track record of India in the region is most notorious – all of the neighbors located close to India have tasted its bitterness. India was involved in the formation of Mukti Bahini; and then the LTTE got a foothold in Sri lanka because of the Indians, while India was calling Pakistan as a threat. Pakistan, having nuclear power, is seen as a guarantor of peace in the region; one that does not want to force any of its neighbors or other nations in the region into war, but is actively supporting the nations to get peace and harmony in their countries.
As we know, Pakistan successfully test fired a short range Nasr Hatf Salvo missile on 12 Nov, 2013. The missile was tested to offset the Indian conventional superiority and to eliminate the threat posed by India’s proactive strategy also termed as the Cold Start doctrine.

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