Experts from the UK will arrive in Kiev today to assist a Ukrainian-led investigation into the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17.
Downing Street said six investigators from the UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch would join the growing international probe into exactly how the plane came to crash, killing 298 people including 10 Britons.
The Foreign Office has also sent extra consular staff to Ukraine and the Metropolitan Police is liaising with international partners to send specialist officers to the country to assist with the recovery, identification and repatriation of those killed.
There is growing international condemnation of pro-Russian separatists for the incident, with the Britain and the United States pointing the finger of blame at the militias.
Downing Street said it appeared “increasingly likely” that the catastrophe, which claimed the lives of 10 Britons, was the result of a surface-to-air missile fired from near Torez, in territory controlled by rebels seeking closer ties to Moscow.
David Cameron earlier insisted that those responsible for bringing down the airliner must be “brought to account” amid deepening tensions with Moscow.
Among the British victims were Newcastle United fans John Alder and Liam Sweeney, who were travelling to New Zealand to watch the football team’s pre-season tour.
Glenn Thomas, 49, a press officer at the World Health Organisation (WHO) and former BBC journalist, Loughborough University student Ben Pocock, and Leeds University student Richard Mayne, 20, from Leicestershire, were also on board.
Another victim was reportedly helicopter rescue pilot and father-of-two Cameron Dalziel, who is understood to be South African but travelling on a British passport.
Around a hundred of those killed were delegates on their way to an international conference on Aids in Melbourne, Australia – including world-renowned researcher Joep Lange.
According to the airline, as well as the Britons there were 154 Dutch passengers, 45 Malaysians, including 15 crew, 27 Australians, 12 Indonesians, four Germans, four Belgians, three Filipinos and one Canadian on board. Three infants were among the dead. US president Barack Obama said an American national was on board.
Details of those killed will be formally confirmed once next of kin have been notified, the airline said.
The Prime Minister described the catastrophe as an “absolutely appalling, shocking, horrific incident” that ” cannot be allowed to stand”.
The United Nations Security Council yesterday approved a statement calling for a “full, thorough and independent international investigation” into the crash.
National security adviser Sir Kim Darroch chaired an emergency meeting with officials from across Whitehall, including police and representatives from the intelligence agencies, to assess the situation.
A No 10 spokeswoman said: ” While it is too early to be categoric about the cause of the disaster, the growing weight of evidence suggests that MH17 was shot down by a surface-to-air missile and that this was fired from near Torez, in territory controlled by the separatists.
“This is backed up by claims made by separatist leaders on social media, and later removed, to have shot down an aircraft that they thought belonged to the Ukrainian military.
“On this basis we assess that, without compelling information to the contrary, it is increasingly likely that MH17 was shot down by a separatist missile.”
Mr Obama said separatists had shot down Ukrainian planes in the region and claimed those actions could not have been carried out without Russian support.
He said: “Set aside what’s happened with respect to the Malaysian airliner, a group of separatists cannot shoot down military transport planes or, they claim, shoot down fighter jets without sophisticated equipment and sophisticated training and that’s coming from Russia.
“We don’t yet know exactly what happened with respect to Malaysia Airlines, although obviously we are beginning to draw some conclusions given the nature of the shot that was fired. There are only certain types of anti-aircraft missiles that can reach up 30,000ft and shoot down a passenger jet.”
At an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council, US ambassador Samantha Power said Washington could not rule out the possibility that Russia offered help to separatists to launch the missile, believed to be an SA-11.
The Boeing 777-200 was flying on an established route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that had been declared safe by the International Civil Aviation Organisation. Witnesses have described seeing it hit by something before crashing into territory held by rebels in eastern Ukraine.
Mr Cameron and Mr Obama agreed to “keep up the pressure” on Russia to engage in the Ukraine peace process and called for action to ensure the separatists grant investigators access to the crash site.
A No 10 spokeswoman said last night: ” The Prime Minister spoke to President Obama this evening about the MH17 disaster. They discussed their respective assessments of the incident, including the increasing likelihood that the plane was brought down by a missile fired from territory controlled by the separatists.
“They both agreed that an independent investigation must get under way as soon as possible and that all countries should engage to ensure that pro- Russian separatists grant investigators secure and unhindered access to the crash site. Those responsible must be held to account.
“They also discussed the further steps taken by the US and EU this week to make clear to Russia that there will be costs if they do not substantively engage in a peaceful resolution to the crisis and they agreed that to keep up the pressure in the weeks ahead if there is no progress towards de-escalation.”
Sir Malcolm Rifkind, chairman of the Intelligence and Security Committee and former foreign secretary, said the West had been “timid” in its dealings with Mr Putin.
“Putin is an opportunist, he is not a fanatic, he is a cool opportunist and if the West only reacts in a timid way to the annexation of Crimea it’s not surprising that he is testing to see how much further he can go,” Sir Malcolm said.
He raised the prospect that it could have been a Russian finger on the trigger of the missile system which downed flight MH17.
“There is not just the question as to whether the attack on the aircraft came from rebels in eastern Ukraine, there will then be a secondary question – but perhaps an even more important one – who was it that was actually controlling the missile launchers?
“Was it the Ukrainian rebels or might it have been Russian special forces?”
He said that was “not inconceivable” and added: “We know that there are large number of so-called Russian ‘volunteers’, who are actually soldiers not wearing uniforms, they could have been controlling the missile launchers themselves rather than simply training the rebels.”