Turkey says it will not tolerate shift in Greek maritime border

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TOPSHOT - A Turkish-backed Syrian rebel fighters hold Turkish national flag (R) and Free Syrian Army flags (L) at a checkpoint in the Syrian town of Azaz on a road leading to Afrin, on February 1, 2018. Clashes raged between Turkish-backed forces and Kurdish militia in Syria's Afrin region on January 31, 2018, as wounded civilians fled intense Turkish air strikes. Turkey and allied Syrian rebels have pressed on with Operation Olive Branch in the Kurdish-controlled Afrin enclave despite mounting international concern and reports of rising civilian casualties. / AFP PHOTO / OZAN KOSE

Turkey reminds Greece of a 1995 parliamentary declaration in which Ankara authorised action, not excluding military action, to safeguard Turkish interests in the Aegean.

A Turkish coast guard ship patrols in the Aegean Sea off the Turkish coast, April 20, 2016, part of a NATO naval presence meant to monitor illegal naval movement between Turkey and Greece.
A Turkish coast guard ship patrols in the Aegean Sea off the Turkish coast, April 20, 2016, part of a NATO naval presence meant to monitor illegal naval movement between Turkey and Greece. (Reuters)

Turkey warned Greece on Tuesday it would not tolerate a shift in the Greek maritime border, a few days after Athens said it planned to extend its territorial waters to 12 miles to the west of the country.

Territorial waters are a sensitive issue between the two neighbours, who are separated by the Aegean Sea. Turkey and Greece have been at odds over their respective continental shelves for decades.

Turkey has previously warned it could not preclude military action to defend its interests.

Former Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias, who resigned last week, said on Saturday that Athens planned to extend its territorial waters in the Ionian Sea, which flanks the west coast of the country. The planned measure would not affect the Aegean region, off Greece’s eastern and southern coasts.

Turkey’s foreign ministry, however, said that it had noted statements from Athens of plans for the gradual expansion of Greek territorial waters.

“It is not possible to tolerate steps where there is no bilateral agreement on the Aegean where the two countries have mutual shores,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Hami Aksoy said in a statement.

The statement recalled a 1995 declaration of Turkey’s parliament which had authorised action, not excluding military action, to safeguard Turkish interests.

“[Parliament’s] declaration … dated 8 June 1995 has the necessary political warning in this context and it still maintains its validity today,” the statement added.

That view had been conveyed to Greece’s ambassador in Turkey, it said.

As a signatory to the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea, Greece has said it can extend its territorial waters to 12 miles from its coast from six miles at present, though it has not sought to do so in waters stretching towards Turkey.

Greece and Turkey are at loggerheads over matters ranging from sea boundaries to air space jurisdiction and the ethnically divided eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus.

Eastern Mediterranean tensions

The long frozen conflict in Cyprus has come into sharper focus after the discovery of natural gas in the sea around the island, and attempts by the internationally recognised Greek Cypriot administration to licence oil majors for exploration.

Last week, Turkey accused Greece of harassing a Turkish research vessel in the area. Greece denied this.

Greek Cypriot leader Nicos Anastasiades and Turkish Cypriot president Mustafa Akinci are due to have talks in the island’s partitioned capital, Nicosia, on October 26.

It will be their second meeting since the collapse in July 2017 of negotiations to end a conflict dating to Turkey’s 1974 intervention in response to a brief Greek-inspired military coup on the island intended to annex Cyprus to Greece.

According to a 1960 treaty, Turkey, Greece and former colonial power Britain are guarantors of peace in Cyprus. Turkey argues that under the auspices of this treaty that it has the legal right to maintain a military presence on the island until the Cyprus dispute has been resolved.

The decades-old problem came close to being resolved in 2004 under a plan designed by then-UN Secretary General, the late Kofi Annan, but the plan failed to pass a referendum in which Turkish Cypriots, encouraged by Turkey, voted in favour of reunification, but Greek Cypriots, on instruction of the administration of then-leader Tassos Papadopoulos, voted against it.

Cyprus was subsequently accepted as an EU member state as a divided island, with the Greek Cypriot administration enjoying international recognition as the island’s sole authority, while Turkish Cypriots remained in isolation in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognised by Turkey.

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