Pakistan’s Nuclear Program, Tipu Sulatn & Modern Collaborators


By Dr Shahid Qureshi  : –

When rulers spend their time in drinking, womanising, and recreational activities instead of looking after stately affairs soon they loose states, honour, and its assets. That’s what Mogul rulers were doing few hundred years ago. British colonialists not only took the rule of India with the help of collaborators of course but also stole its wealth from books, swords to world’s best diamond Kohinoor. There is no one else to blame but the Moguls themselves.

A British think tank International Institute of Strategic Studies published a dossier about the Dr AQ Khan and nuclear proliferation. I mentioned to Mark Fitzpatrick before the launch that word ‘dossier’ is associated with lies, deception and dodgy in the context of Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMDs). I told him that more than 170 British companies were involved in the Iraqi chemical and biological weapons program according to Channel 4. When journalist presented the list of the companies supplied chemical and biological material to Saddam Hussein regime to Ministry of Defence, the response was something like ‘list is correct’. The moral of the story is that people don’t trust the dodgy dossiers and biased reports.

I asked Dr John Chipman director general of the IISS and Mark Fitzpatrick editor of dossier Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, AQ Khan and the rise of proliferation networks, in the Q&A: (a) Is there any nuclear program in the world, in which human and material proliferations were not involved? (b) your report seems unfair because you have not mentioned anything about the Israeli nuclear program, proliferation and illegal assistance by the US and Western countries.? Two paragraphs about Israeli Nuclear program in 176 page document. (c) What national and international law Dr A Q Khan has violated and what should be his punishment.

Mark Fitzpatrick agreed that there is no nuclear program in the world where proliferation did not happened; US program was based on proliferation i.e. technical and material knowledge of the German Nazi scientist. He agreed that Israelis were involved in proliferation in a round about way. He stated that Israeli program was assisted by the states than private individuals. It is like saying if an individual is involved in terrorism he or she should brought to justice but if a state is involved in state terrorism that’s OK.

According to my knowledge Dr Khan has not violated any national or international law. He could be charged with smuggling or illegal trading like British use to trade in drugs (opium) with China in the past. We should not make a moral issue of things which are strategic or related to security of small insecure countries.

If Israel who is not NPT signatory can be allowed to have nuclear weapons and program because it is ‘surrounded by hostile neighbours’ why cant Iran who is NPT signatory allowed to have a peaceful nuclear program under IAEA safe guards. What is the point on signing NPT when one can not benefit of it? I think its time that NPT should be reviewed if it is not serving the purpose.

J Wilkerson former chief of staff of Colin Powel said something like, ‘what we know now is that sources of the intelligence on Iraqi WMDS were not credible and Colin Powel was probably misled and deliberately sent to the UN Security Council with false or half true information. The name ‘Chelabi’ an Iraqi exile seems central to most of the information US had on biological, chemical and nuclear programs.

In the current scenario Benzir Bhutto is doing exactly what Chelabi did. She is misleading the westerns by saying something like that ‘mullahs’ are going to take control of ‘Pakistani Nukes’ as if they are lying in some fruit market. One doesn’t expect these types of irresponsible comments from some one who has been Prime Minister twice. Pakistanis are smart enough to look after their nuclear assets. It seems Benzair Bhutto has commissioned herself with tasks like ‘de-mullahisation’, de-nuclearisation, and de commissioning of Pakistan armed forces.

A painting in the reception lobby of NASA’s flight facility at Wallop Island shows Tipu Sultan’s soldiers launching rockets attacks against the British. He was the first Muslim rocketry warfare hero. The current Pakistani nuclear and missile program seems a revival of the 18th century dream of Tipu Sultan’.

The British captured more than 700 rockets and subsystems of 900 rockets in the battle of Turukhanahally in 1799. Tipu Sultan’s army had 27 brigades called Kushoons, and each brigade had a company of rocket men, called Jourks. These rockets had been taken to England by William Congreve and were subjected by the British to what we call “reverse engineering” today.

Tipu Sultan was the only ruler in the world who died in the battlefield fighting the enemy according to a French scholar. Tipu Sultan reigned 1782-1799 and died in May 1799, fighting the combined forces of British and collaborators, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and the Marattas. He lost the battle because of deceit and treachery by collaborators.

Prince Mohsin Ali a descendant of collaborators who fought against Tipu Sultan, Nizam of Deccan living in London invited me for discussion at lunch. He told me that Zulifqar Bhutto use to stay with him in London. Benazir Bhutto’s grand father Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto was prime minister of state of Juna Garh!

Iraqis and Pakistanis have learnt how to deal with occupiers and invaders ‘deal with the collaborators first’. Pakistanis are keeping close eyes on their collaborators living both in and outside.

(Dr Shahid Qureshi is senior award wining investigative journalist and writer on security, foreign policy, and terrorism based in London)