By Dr Shahid Qureshi in Baku –
Azerbaijan currently celebrating 100 years of Baku liberation of 15 September 1918 and reminding the world as well as its own citizens that there was Azerbaijan before USSR and how it was attacked and liberated by the Azeris and their Turkish brothers.
As a political analyst and human rights activists, I always believe that one should be clear enough to identify perpetrators of war crimes and their civilian victims as both can not be treated as equals. Diplomacy does not mean hypocrisy which so called international bodies like United Nations, European Union and others who like to appease the perpetrators and ignore the rights of the victims of crimes. This selective application of international law creates divide and frustrations.
Obviously, the attack and killings of civilians of Baku pre-date the Armenian claim of so called ‘genocide’ clarify one thing, ‘if you are in someone else land don’t expect VIP treatment as an English farmer wrote a warning notice on his land: “Trespassers will be shot, and survivors will be shot again’.
Associate Professor Dr Elshad Mirbashir oglu said: “The liberation of Baku on September 15, 1918 is an extremely important event in the history of the Azerbaijani statehood.
Dr Elshad said that at that, ‘period, complicated processes were taking place both in the region and in the world.
“It was very difficult and even impossible to create an independent state in these conditions,” he said. “However, despite this, after the resignation of the Transcaucasian Seim (parliament), the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) was created. Naturally, existence of a state requires, first of all, the presence of all necessary conditions that would preserve its existence. Among these conditions, the factor of a capital took the central place.”
Mirbashir oglu said: ‘the occupation of Baku questioned the future fate of the newly created ADR. He added that Baku was of great strategic importance due to its geographical location, trade and economic potential and, most importantly, political weight.
Situated on the Caspian coast, the city was located on the main communication lines of that time, he said.
“From this point of view, both the Bolsheviks and the British tried to keep Baku in their hands at all costs,” Mirbashir oglu added. “That’s because this would make it possible to control all the processes taking place in the Azerbaijani territories, and at the same time created convenient access to Central Asia, which in subsequent years would result in getting serious political and economic dividends.”
In his words, against the backdrop of all this, the liberation of Baku from occupation with direct military support of the Islamic Army of the Caucasus led by Nuru Pasha should be regarded as a golden page in the history of the Azerbaijani statehood.
Namely after the liberation of Baku from the occupation, the new state got the opportunity to function in different spheres, the Azerbaijani scientist added.
“For example, the adoption of effective steps to create a national army, the formation of the education system, etc. became possible after the government moved to Baku,” he said.
The scientist reminded that 100 years have passed since the liberation of Baku from the occupation.
“For this time, complicated and contradictory processes have taken place in the world, but historical justice has triumphed,” he said. “This is reflected in today’s friendship and brotherhood between such absolutely independent and powerful states as Azerbaijan and Turkey. These two fraternal countries are once again beside each other.”
On September 15, Azerbaijan marks the centenary of Baku’s liberation from the Bolshevik-Dashnak occupation.
On this day in 1918, the Islamic Army of the Caucasus, which included the Azerbaijani corps, entered Baku, liberating the city from the Bolshevik-Dashnak occupation.
The liberation of Baku is an event of exceptional importance for the Azerbaijani-Turkish friendship and brotherhood.
Despite that during 70 years of the Soviet rule this event was purposefully explained in an erroneous context, the Azerbaijani people never forgot the heroism of Turkish soldiers.”
(Dr Shahid Qureshi is senior analyst with BBC and chief editor of The London Post. He writes on security, terrorism and foreign policy. He also appears as analyst on Al-Jazeera, Press TV, MBC, Kazak TV (Kazakhstan), LBC Radio London. He was also international election observer for Azerbaijan April 2018, Kazakhstan 2015 and 2016 and Pakistan 2002. He has written a famous book “War on Terror and Siege of Pakistan” published in 2009. At Government College Lahore he wrote his MA thesis on ‘Political Thought of Imam Khomeini’ and visited Tehran University. He is PhD in ‘Political Psychology’ and studied Law at a British University. He also speaks at Cambridge University. He is a visiting Professor at Hebe University in China.)
Views expressed are not of The London Post