(China Daily) Updated:
Already 57 countries have joined the AIIB with South Korea, the United Kingdom, Australia, France, Germany and Italy all signing up as founding members.
In keeping with such a large organization, Jin Liqun, chairman of the Multilateral Interim Secretariat of the AIIB, told a forum in Singapore on Saturday that the AIIB will adopt a “21st century management” structure.
This will involve a “core group of professionals” running the bank, where the top management will be appointed on ability and not political connections.
“The AIIB is a bank, not a political organization or political alliance,” said Jin. “This will guarantee that it will operate in a transparent way.”
Jin said that the AIIB will have strict parameters and will strive to be graft-free as well as transparent in all dealings and transactions. On several occasions he has stressed that the AIIB will have “zero tolerance toward corruption”. The motto of the bank set by him is “lean, clean and green”.
Jin also assured his Singaporean audience that China will not dominate the key roles inside the AIIB. “Leadership is not a privilege,” he said. “It’s an obligation.”
Jin’s team has been in contact with some leading experts. They include Natalie Lichtenstein, who has retired from the World Bank after 30 years as a senior lawyer.
Shaukat Aziz, former prime minister of Pakistan, said that precisely because the AIIB is starting from “ground zero”, it could avoid being “a hostage to history” and copying the mistakes made by established institutions.
When asked about whether the AIIB will adhere to the “best practices” of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, Shi Guangyao, vice-minister of finance, said: “There is no ‘best practice’ but ‘better practices’. China will work with other parties to build the AIIB into a professional, efficient infrastructure investment platform.”
For example, the bank will likely have a nonresident board of directors, versus the resident board of directors commonly adopted by the World Bank and the ADB.
The board of directors will be in the second layer of the governing structure. The top layer, the board of governors, will elect a board of directors, which will determine budgets and projects.
Five key issues to watch
・ Who will be the first president of the bank?
One prominent contender is Jin Liqun, the head of the Multilateral Interim Secretariat of the AIIB.
Jin, born in 1949, has an impressive resume. After graduation from Beijing Foreign Studies University with a major in English, he joined the Ministry of Finance. In the 1980s he was dispatched to the World Bank Group as an alternative executive director for China. He then became the vice-minister of finance. He was appointed as vice-president of the Asian Development Bank in 2003.
He has been described by colleagues as “an experienced, savvy, pragmatic guy” who did much of the backdoor negotiating that persuaded key economies including the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and South Korea to join the new bank.