(By Special Correspondent ): – Today the former head of Kazakhstan’s BTA Bank, Mr. Mukhtar Ablyazov, appears on the list of the biggest financial scammers of the 21-st century. However, he denies that he stole more than $7.5 billion USD from the bank. He claims that the international criminal case brought against him by the courts of the three CIS countries and several European countries is the political pressure. But it is not ruled out that soon a political case» will really be launched for him – for organizing extremist activities and financing terrorism in different countries.
The main slogan advocated by Mr. Mukhtar Ablyazov today is the struggle for human rights in Kazakhstan. The French State Council in December 2016 abolished the decree to extradite Mr. M. Ablyazov to Russia because of fears that Moscow would extradite him to Kazakhstan. And there, according to Europe, he will be judged for opposing the authorities.
In the criminal case, which is now being heard in the court of Astana without the presence of the main accused, there is not a word about the political component of the criminal activities of the oligarch. But in vain. Because he really is a big politician. Only the underground. And he worked for «democracy» not in Kazakhstan, but in neighbouring states.
Bishkek was the first to suffer at the hands of Mr. Mukhtar Ablyazov. Kyrgyzstan is probably the country most affected by the political ambitions of the former Kazakhstan’s banker.
After being released in December 2016, the oligarch confessed that in 2005 he financed the revolution in Kyrgyzstan. «In the period from 2003 to 2005, I lived in Moscow. In early 2005, I financed the opposition in Kyrgyzstan to help the regime fall there. For me, it was important that at least one of the post-Soviet republics started a democratic process, and they carried out the right reforms», – Mr. M.Ablyazov said.
But we forgot to say that his financial interference in the internal affairs of a foreign state for him turned into hundreds of victims and a ruined economy as a result of unrest in the country. The period of actual powerlessness, which lasted almost six months, was accompanied by marauding and rampant crime. From the country, large investors fled almost simultaneously. As a result, the largest project for Kyrgyzstan – the construction of two large hydroelectric power plants on the Naryn River and the creation of aluminium production – has been pushed back for almost 10 years.
But this criminal oligarch seemed a less. His traces can also be seen in the riots that were in Kyrgyzstan in 2010. He financed inter-ethnic clashes in the south of the republic, when in just two days about half a million ethnic Uzbeks became refugees. It was from Mr. M. Ablyazov were the cash flows for those who urged the Kyrgyz to kill their neighbours of a different nationality. The oligarch became the main financial donor for the political opposition. He transferred tens of thousands of USD to bribe rally participants against then President Mr. Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Moreover, on his money was bought weapons for those who stormed the presidential palace and the government building.
The economy of Kyrgyzstan has again suffered a huge blow from which the country cannot recover until now.
The financial trace of Mr. M. Ablyazov can also be seen in the unrest that occurred in the Issyk-Kull valley of Kyrgyzstan in 2013. Then, almost for the whole season, businessmen of the country’s pearl tourism – Issyk-Kul Lake were left without money – tourists simply did not come.
Today, experts who deal with the issues of Central Asia do not rule out the possible participation of Mr. Mukhtar Ablyazov and in the events in 2005 in Uzbekistan in the Fergana Valley. Then a large group of extremists attacked the military town of Andijan and captured many small arms. The rally of thousands of protesters at that time also called for the overthrow of President Mr.Islam Karimov, which as a result led to clashes with authorities and victims among civilians.
Mr. Ablyazov’s political track is also traced in Russia. Last year, the Moscow court sentenced Mr.Alexander Potkin (Belov), a famous nationalist, former leader of the movement against illegal immigration (DPNI), one of the leaders of the banned nationalist movement «Russians» to 7.5 years imprisonment. Mr. Potkin was an accomplice of Mr.Mukhtar Ablyazov and helped him launder money from depositors of «BTA» Bank. He publicly called for extremist activity and propagated among the Russians hatred towards the Kazakhs.
M.Ablyazov also financed the Russian skinheads. To be more precise the activity of Mr. Dmitriy Demushkin, a well-known Russian nationalist recently convicted for 2.5 years. He is the head of the supreme national council of the Russkie association, the chairman of the organizing committee of the nationalist party, the chairman of the now-banned «Slavic Union» and Slavic Power organizations for extremism. The organizer of Russian marches, an active participant in protest actions and rallies.
It seems that Mr. Mukhtar Ablyazov has put his hand to destabilization of the domestic political situation and even to human victims in the territory of several CIS countries. Therefore, his fear of being extradited for political views becomes fully justified.